NATALIA N. ROSTOVA
Doctor of Science (Philosophy), Professor, Lomonosov Moscow State University
E-mail: nnrostova [at] yandex.ru
Abstract. The article analyzes the current state of affairs in philosophy in relation to the question «What is human?». In this regard, the author identifies two strategies – post-humanism and post-cosmism. The strategy of post-humanism is to deny the idea of human exceptionalism. Humanity becomes something that can be thought of out of touch with human and understood as a right that extends to the non-human world. Post-cosmism, on the contrary, advocated the idea of ontological otherness of the human. Responding to the challenges of anthropological catastrophe, its representatives propose a number of new anthropological projects.
Keywords: anthropology, contemporary philosophy, human, inhuman anthropology, post-cosmism, post-humanism, anthropodicy, hospitality
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