Rozin V. M.
Information about author:
Vadim M. Rozin, Chief Researcher of the Institute of Philosophy of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Doctor of Philosophy, Professor.
E-mail: rozinvm [at] gmail.com
Abstract . The article reconstructs the formation of the esoteric discourse of philosophy belonging to Plato. This discourse was not only the first philosophical concept, but also the philosophical esoteric plan of salvation, the first on European cultural grounds. The Pythagorean roots of this concept and concept are analyzed, as well as the dependence of their content on Plato"s solution to the problems of cognition and the construction of consistent knowledge. In the second part of the article, the reconstruction of Merab Mamardashvili"s "Lectures on Proust" is proposed. The author tries to show that Mamardashvili in this work continues the tradition of Plato, but, naturally, differently than the great thinker of antiquity, because he solves the esoteric and philosophical problems of our time. In addition, the difference between the personalities of both thinkers, as well as Mamardashvili"s adherence to the phenomenological direction of philosophizing, also affects.
Keywords : discourse, esoterics, life, way, salvation, thinking, reasoning, cognition, concept, problem.
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