Gurevich P. S.
Information about author:
Pavel S. Gurevich, Chief Researcher, Institute of Philosophy, Russian Academy of Sciences, Doctor of Philosophy, Doctor of Philology, Professor, Editor-in-Chief of the journals “Philosophy and Culture” and “Philosophical Anthropology”.
E-mail: gurevich [at] rambler.ru
Abstract. Interpretation of human reasonableness is one the urgent themes of nonclassical anthropology. Classical understanding of man interpreted mind as the highest human cognitive ability, as a great wonder of nature. This resulted in dictate of rationality, understanding of reasonableness as a reliable guide for humankind. The future destiny of humans was related to further discovery of man’s intellectual abilities, of mysteries of the brain. But these propositions were called into question in connection with the birth of a new scientific paradigm. First of all, «desacralizing of the brain» began. Researchers in various fields of science discovered a large amount of defects in the brain associated with its structure. Hence, many new philosophical questions appeared: Are forms of mental cognition of the world similar? Is it exactly the mind that always crowns the most productive cognition of the world? Is mentality really an outcome of a long evolutionary route? Do other thinking beings of other worlds have similar ideas about the picture of the world? Historical practice shows that reason can hardly ever serve as a reliable guide for humankind. Therefore, shall we look for inner brain potential or urgently «enrich» it with a technical resource?
Keywords: reason, brain, mind, reasonable being, rationality, unconscious, intuition, cognitive schemes, intellectual «chemistry», «schizophysiology», world beyond, nonclassical anthropology.
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