Avanesov S. A.
Information about author:
Sergey S. Avanesov , Professor, Department of Theory, History and Philosophy of Culture, Novgorod University named Yaroslav the Wise, Russia. Doctor of Philosophy, Professor”.
E-mail: iskiteam [at] yandex.ru
Abstract. In this article, I begin to study the concept of the “path” as an image of a person’s autobiography. I rely on the initial thesis that the existence of man is open. Therefore, personal life should be viewed not as a development of the always existing “human essence”, but as self-creation, as an individual story, as a biography created by one’s own intentions and efforts. Space (both physical and cultural) is one of the necessary contexts for such an autobiography. Building its life, a person moves both in his inner world and in the environment, leaving in it his “trace”, his “route”, his “map”– the spatial projections of his personal transformations. The person is distinguished by the ability to organize this movement, to turn it from chaotic into meaningful. Such a meaningfulness of the biographical trajectory is established with the help of those values that a person believes as his existential reference points and which a person places outside himself. These landmarks are the basic “navigation” points, thanks to which a person, in the course of his personal formation, is able to go beyond the limits of his own existential certainty, is able to become different. Thus, there is a correlation between geography as a movement in the physical space and a biography as a process of internal “growth”. I here consider this correlation on an example of the plot of an epic poem about Gilgamesh.
Keywords : anthropology, person, biography, autobiography, personal history, path of life, route, self-creation, epic poem, Gilgamesh.
Apresyan, 2013 – Apresyan, R. G. The Achilles Movement of Changes: The Origins of Morals in the Archaic Society (on the material of Homer"s epic). Moscow: Alpha-M, 2013. In Russian.
Afanasyev 1973 – Literature of Sumer and Babylonia / introductory article V. K. Afanasyev. Poetry and prose of the ancient East . Moscow: Fiction, 1973. P. 115–165. In Russian.
Afanasyev 1979 – Afanasyev V.K. Gilgamesh and Enkidu: epic images in art. Moscow: Science, 1979. In Russian.
Afanasyev 1998 – Afanasyev V. K. Gilgamesh. Mythology: The Great Encyclopedic Dictionary / Ed. E.M. Meletinsky. Ed. 4-th. Moscow: the Great Russian Encyclopedia, 1998. P. 154–155. In Russian.
Gnedich 1990 – Homer. Iliad / Transl. N. I. Gnedich. Ed. under A.I. Zaitsev. Leningrad: Science, 1990. In Russian.
Gumilev 1988 – The Epic of Gilgamesh / Trans. N. S. Gumilev. Roads of the Millennium . Book 2. Moscow: The Young Guard, 1988. P. 204–237. In Russian.
Dyakonov 1973 – On the All Who Saw / Trans. IM Dyakonov. Poetry and prose of the ancient East . Moscow: Fiction, 1973. P. 166–220. In Russian.
Dyakonov 2006 – The Epic of Gilgamesh (“About all who saw”) / Transl. with Akkad., comm. I. M. Dyakonov. Saint-Petersburg: Science, 2006.
Dyakonov et al. 1983 – Ancient History. Early antiquity / Ed. IM Dyakonov and others. Ed. 2-nd. Moscow: Science, 1983.
Durkheim 1998 – Durkheim E. Elementary forms of religious life. Mystery. Religion. The science. Classics of world religion . Anthology. Moscow: Canon, 1998. P. 174–231. Trans. into Russian.
Zhukovsky 2000 – Homer. Odyssey / Trans. V.A. Zhukovsky. Ed. under V.N. Yarkho. Moscow: Science, 2000. In Russian.
Levy-Bruhl 1998 – Levi-Bruhl L. Mystical experience and symbols of primitive people. Mystic. Religion. The science. Classics of world religion . Anthology. Moscow: Canon, 1998. P. 333–358. Trans. into Russian.
Levinas 2000 – Levinas E. Selected: Totality and the Infinite / Trans. with French Moscow, Saint-Petersburg: University Book, 2000. Trans. into Russian.
Lipovetsky 2001 – Lipovetsky J. The Era of Voidness: An Essay on Modern Individualism / Trans. with fr. V.V. Kuznetsova. St. Petersburg: Vladimir Dal, 2001. Trans. into Russian.
Myalo 1987 – Myalo K. G. Cosmogonic Images of the World: Between the West and the East. Culture, Man and the Picture of the World / Otv. ed. A.I. Arnoldov, V.A. Kruglikov. Moscow: Science, 1987. P. 227–262. In Russian.
Smirnov 2016 – Smirnov S. A. Anthropological Navigator. To the event ontology of man. Novosibirsk: Ofset-TM, 2016. In Russian..
Smirnov 2017 – Smirnov S. А. The image of the city: from map to kartoid. ΠΡΑΞΗΜΑ. Problems of visual semiotics . 2017. No. 4 (14). P. 28–48. In Russian.
Tulchinsky 1998 – Tulchinsky G. L. Horror and Path, or the Experience of Everyday Philosophizing .Thanatos Figures: The Art of Dying . St. Petersburg: St. Petersburg State University Publishing House, 1998. p. 152–168. In Russian.
Jacobsen 1995 – Jacobsen T. The Treasure of Darkness. History of the Mesopotamian religion / Per. from English S. L. Sukhareva. Moscow: Eastern literature, 1995. Trans. into Russian.