Volf M. N.
Information about the author:
Marina N. Volf, Doctor of Sciences (Philosophy), Associate professor. Institute of Philosophy and Law Siberian Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences. Head of the Department of Philosophy. Philosophy Faculty. Novosibirsk State University. Novosibirsk Russia.
E-mail: wolfarch [at] yandex.ru
Abstract. In the paper the writing and the speech are discussed as two modes of the human being, which define the human situation. It is shown that the significant situations for the modern people and the people of Ancient Greece were different due to commitment for these diverse modes. Two strategies corresponds with these two modes – foundationalistic and hermeneutic (nomadic). The former founds on the textual culture, the latter – on the speech culture, and they are related with platonic and sophistic traditions in philosophy. The first tradition could be designate as logic, and it rests on the apodictical and demonstrative argumentation, the other one could be designate as logologic, which combines the philosophy and the poetry, and rests on the epideiktical and persuader technic of argumentation. Presented in the context of the nomadic strategy and the logology, ontology and anthropology form a different content and different approaches to the human situation.
Keywords: anthropology, ontology, speech, language, logology, platonism, sophistics, Plato, Gorgias.
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